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Ukraine left the “black list” of the Paris Memorandum Committee

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The Paris MoU Committee approved the results of the 2020 inspections at its 54th meeting. In early July, a new ranking of flag states and Recognized Organizations (ROs) was published on the organization’s website based on the results of their activities in the past year. These lists came into force on July 1, 2021.

It’s nice that at the end of 2020, Ukraine left the Black List, moving from 65th place (last year it was in 8th place in the Black List) to 61st place in the updated rating, which was just enough for our flag to get in the Gray List, albeit in last place.

The White, Gray and Black (WGB) List is a group of flags ranging from the ones under which vessels have demonstrated the highest performance and safety indicators to the flags under which vessels are most frequently detained, whose activities are associated with the highest or very high risk.

The fact that the flag is on the White List indicates a consistently low number of detentions. The flags under which vessels have demonstrated average efficiency and safety indicators are displayed in the Gray List. This should serve as a warning: listing them in this list can serve as an incentive to improve performance and, therefore, move to the White List. At the same time, flags at the bottom of the Gray List should be careful not to neglect the careful control of the safety of their vessels, thereby avoiding the risk of being Blacklisted next year.

As a reminder, the WGB is based on the total number of inspections and detentions over a three-year period, based on the results of at least 30 inspections during that period.

Regarding the current Paris MoU ranking, there are 70 flags in total: 39 in the White List, 22 in Gray and 9 in the Black List. In 2019, the total number of flag states in the WGB was also 70, of which 41 are in the White List, 16 in Gray and 13 in Black.

Rank Flag Inspections in 2018-2020 Detentions in 2018-2020 Black to gray limit Gray to white limit Excess Factor
White List
one Denmark 1199 12 99 69 -1.80
2 Norway 1559 eighteen 126 92 -1.77
3 Marshall Islands 4280 65 328 272 -1.72
four Bermuda (UK) 169 0 eighteen 6 -1.69
five Netherlands 2729 42 213 169 -1.68
6 Bahamas 1851 27 148 111 -1.67
7 Greece 736 nine 63 40 -1.63
eight Singapore 1808 thirty 145 108 -1.59
nine Cayman Islands (UK) 410 four 38 twenty -1.59
10 Japan 138 0 fifteen four -1.54
eleven Hong Kong (China) 1741 31 140 104 -1.54
12 Liberia 4017 89 308 254 -1.46
13 United Kingdom 922 17 78 51 -1.42
fourteen Malta 4117 98 316 261 -1.46
fifteen Germany 570 10 fifty 29 -1.35
sixteen Turkey 732 fourteen 63 39 -1.34
17 Italy 927 nineteen 78 52 -1.34
eighteen Isle of Man (UK) 516 nine 46 26 -1.32
nineteen Belgium 208 2 21 eight -1.30
twenty Sweden 288 four 28 13 -1.26
21 Cyprus 2018 53 161 122 -1.24
22 Barbados 399 7 37 nineteen -1.23
23 France 266 four 26 eleven -1.16
24 Portugal 1152 thirty 95 66 -1.16
25 Russian Federation 1159 31 96 66 -1.13
26 Croatia 92 0 eleven 2 -1.07
27 Latvia 90 0 eleven 2 -1.04
28 Antigua and barbuda 2084 67 166 126 -1.02
29 Luxembourg 201 3 21 eight -0.99
thirty Gibraltar (UK) 599 sixteen 53 31 -0.97
31 Faroe islands 245 five 24 10 -0.87
32 Ireland 144 2 sixteen five -0.81
33 United States 194 four twenty 7 -0.72
34 Lithuania 101 one 12 2 -0.66
35 Finland 404 13 37 nineteen -0.62
36 Spain 153 3 sixteen five -0.60
37 Panama 5754 275 435 370 -0.58
38 China 128 3 fourteen four -0.26
39 Morocco 54 0 7 0 -0.22
Gray list
40 Estonia 71 one nine one 0.01
41 Saudi arabia 54 one 7 0 0.11
42 Republic of Korea 68 2 nine one 0.15
43 India 44 one 6 0 0.18
44 Philippines 133 6 fifteen four 0.19
45 Kazakhstan 34 one five 0 0.27
46 Poland 68 3 nine one 0.28
47 Curacao 46 2 7 0 0.32
48 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 392 25 36 nineteen 0.36
49 Azerbaijan 57 3 eight 0 0.37
fifty Iran 87 five eleven 2 0.38
51 Vanuatu 236 fifteen 23 10 0.39
52 Saint kitts and nevis 121 eight fourteen 3 0.45
53 Algeria 74 6 nine one 0.60
54 Lebanon 58 five eight 0 0.63
55 Mongolia 44 four 6 0 0.64
56 Egypt 41 four 6 0 0.68
57 Switzerland 57 6 eight 0 0.77
58 Cook Islands 297 26 29 13 0.84
59 Tunisia thirty four five 0 0.84
60 Palau 187 eighteen nineteen 7 0.89
61 Ukraine 83 10 10 one 0.98
Black list
Rank Flag Inspections in 2018-2020 Detentions in 2018-2020 Black to gray limit Risk Excess Factor
62 Tuvalu 39 6 6 Medium 1.09
63 Sierra leone 312 33 thirty 1.30
64 Tanzania 276 thirty 27 1.34
65 Belize 283 31 27 1.37
66 Moldova 350 41 33 1.69
67 Comoros 336 45 32 Medium to High 2.17
68 Togo 430 60 39 2.44
69 Cameroon 45 10 6 2.97
70 Albania 74 17 nine High risk 3.80

The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has clearly impacted the work of the Paris MoU. To cope with the constraints of the pandemic and its aftermath, the organization has developed a Guide, partly based on the recommendations of the IMO and the ILO, which has been amended in response to ever-changing circumstances.

Be that as it may, the organization partially curtailed its activities, which led to fewer checks, fewer flaws and, therefore, fewer arrests.

In 2020, seven orders were issued to deny ship calls. This shows a decrease compared to 2019, when there were 27 such orders. In total, over the past three years, 55 vessels have been denied access to berths due to repeated detentions, five vessels for “failure to appear at the specified repair yard” and two vessels – For trying to avoid lawful detention. During the same period, 12 courts were denied access twice (13 between 2017 and 2019). Over the three-year period, ships flying the flags of the Comoros, the Republic of Moldova, the United Republic of Tanzania and Togo were most often denied entry permits.

In total, 13,148 inspections were carried out last year, which is much less than in 2019, when ships were inspected 17,913 times. The percentage of detentions has slightly decreased – to 2.81% (from 2.96% in 2019). The number of identified deficiencies that could potentially lead to the detention of a vessel decreased to 1942 (from 2964 in 2019).

If you look at the performance of flag states in this difficult year, reflected in the WGB list, then, as mentioned above, the White List has become shorter by two positions (39 against 41 in 2019), the Gray List contains 22 flags (16 in 2019) and the Blacklist has 9 flags (13 in 2019).

It should be noted that during 545 inspections, ships flying flags from the Black List were detained 41 times (9.36%). In 2019, arrests amounted to 12%. Gray-listed vessels were delayed 4.6% of the time (7% in 2019). White-listed flagged ships had a detention rate of 2.4% (2.2% in 2019 and 2.3% in 2018).

ROs are authorized by flag states to conduct mandatory checks on their behalf. For this reason, it is important to monitor their own performance; naturally, the list of the most effective ROs is also presented in the annual report. The condition for getting into the rating is at least 60 inspections over a 3-year period. Noteworthy is the fact that according to the results of 2020, the performance of none of the ROs is mentioned in the rating as “very low”. The list below summarizes the top 10 most effective ROs as judged by the Paris MoU Committee:

  1. American Bureau of Shipping
  2. DNVGLAS
  3. Lloyd’s Register
  4. Nippon kaiji kyokai
  5. Bureau veritas
  6. Russian Maritime Register of Shipping
  7. RINA Services SpA
  8. Korean Register
  9. China Classification Society
  10. Turkish lloyd

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