To date, Ukrainian agrarians still harvest nearly 4 tonnes of wheat and slightly more than 5 tonnes of corn per one hectare, whereas European agrarians already reached the results of nearly 8 t/ha of wheat, and the yield of US corn totals 11 t/ha. Moreover, in several US states which have the climatic conditions similar to the Ukrainian ones, for example Iowa, agrarians cultivate corn hybrids with the average yield of 17 t/ha and even 20 t/ha, declared the President of the Ukrainian Grain Association (UGA), Mykola Gorbachov during his report at the agro-logistics forum “Dnieper-Danube-Black Sea” in Mykolaiv on August 22.
But even in the current terms, Ukrainian agrarians grow profit-making crops. At the same time, despite rather significant changes in the climatic conditions of Ukraine, the dynamics of grain production demonstrate that the yield figures in Ukraine still continue growing, said the expert.
Also, M.Gorbachov added that the inflow of investments in the agrarian sector of Ukraine is one of the key components for the further growth of the yield figures.
The more investments come to the agricultural industry, the higher the yield rises, he said. At the same time, the President of UGA reminded that to date, the general planted areas under grain and oilseed crops in Ukraine total nearly 25 mln ha.
According to the UGA calculations, even in terms of keeping the crop areas at the current level, and increasing of the yield indices, Ukraine will be able to annually produce nearly 100 mln tonnes of agricultural products, and by 2022 the export volumes can reach nearly 70 mln tonnes.
According to him, in the nearest future Ukraine will grow much more grain volumes. Ukraine mainly provides the exports through the ports. Therefore, the issue of further development of the infrastructure and improving the work of logistics are the main challenges for Ukraine, including the railway logistics as the main method of grain delivering, and the river logistics as the other way of some load removal from the first one. The reporting issues require the more detailed analysis and discussion to consider the optimum measures to solve the logistical problems, concluded the speaker.
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